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Whenever a dog owner takes his dog to the vet, there are many tests a vet can recommend, but before doing anything else, most vets will surely take a hands-on examination before doing anything else. Most vets are most likely to have a thorough physical test from the beginning. Your vet may put surgical gloves or a small amount of lubricant on the index finger while going for the rectal exam.
Sometimes vets want to make sure if the lining of the rectum is rougher, drier or thicker, so in that case, they would put their fingers on those lines.
Examining Anal Glands
In a dog’s anus, you can see two anal glands. Whenever your dog discharges faces from the body, the dog normally releases some smelly liquid, & the smelly liquid is produced by those glands. If the dog somehow has some problems which stop the smelly liquid, the anal glands are most likely to be swollen due to pressure from inside. Most vets will take a rectal examination for these types of conditions.
Many vets want to have some sample of feces during the rectal examination. If your dog is suffering from weight loss, vomiting, diarrhea, or poor appetite then the vet will want to take fecal tests.
Testing Anal Tone
Depending on the functionality of nerves your vet may look out for anal tone if he takes the rectal test because in many cases it is noticed that if the dog has nerve diseases or injuries then anal tone doesn’t function properly.
Prostate Gland in Male Dogs
Many dogs are seen to have problems in the prostate gland, especially the male ones. Sometimes, a lot of male dogs get affected by prostatic cancer, also another important thing to keep in mind that, neutered dogs have a great chance than the other ones.
Vagina Tract in Female dogs
During the rectal examination, if you have a female dog then the vet may look out for some areas of the dog’s reproductive tract. However, if your vet finds anything suspicious then he can recommend a vaginal test.
It’s a normally a step of rectal examination, where vets try to figure out any unusual masses in the structure like a rectal wall, reproductive tract, pelvis, and also anal glands. Sometimes these masses can develop deadly diseases in dogs, like cancer or anatomic abnormalities.
The urethra is normally a tube in the body that processes urine from the bladder. Sometimes, this thing can get blocked by small stones in the urinary system, so to make sure if there is any problem or not, the vet will surely look out for those areas.
Testing the Pelvis
When your vet takes the rectal examination, he might look out for dog’s pelvis areas to make sure, the bones in those areas are aligned correctly or not, and also to see if there is any type injury or not. Many dogs suffering from arthritis, have shown pain while performing a rectal examination. Sometimes many vets take this test when the physical tests are completed.
Wrapping it up
During the tests of the pelvic urethra, anal glands, prostate, and lymph nodes vet medicine is seen to be very useful. Rectal tests are very important before taking any type of physical test. However, this is very accurate if you have a male dog.
Matthew Frank was born and raised in the Bronx, New York. He was a reputed author of Pet Therapy Dogs and Pet Dog Cat.
Matthew is a regular author of this blog who is studying Veterinary medicine at Purdue University.