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Not only humans who are suffering from diabetes epidemic but the diabetes mellitus can also affect dogs. Scientists assumed that every one in two hundred dogs have a chance to get affected by this problem. However, the good news is there are some well-known treatments that can help your dog if he is suffering from diabetes. There was a time when the dogs were not able to live longer but the breakthrough of medical developed has changed the scenario, dogs tend to live longer than before.
How does diabetes work?
The glucose is the main thing to process the body cells & it’s a sugar. When there is a carbohydrate in the food it provides glucose in the body. The body cells take out the glucose through the blood wh & the insulin help to process this thing. There is an organ known as pancreas creates hormones. This pancreas then creates beta cells and hormone. When a dog suffers from diabetes mellitus then their cells can’t produce glucose as needed & thus it takes place in the blood. In the end, this is how the cells starve and organs may remain interrupted in the sugary blood. Now the thing is, it’s not possible to completely cure this disease but with proper care, you can save your dog from suffering from many other health risks.
Diabetes is very complicated & incurable disease which affects dogs when there is a lack of hormone insulin or irregular responding to insulin.
When your dog eats, the digestive system of your dog breaks down the food. The entire digestive system then processes the food in many parts by which produces glucose through the insulin and hormone through the pancreas. If your dog has problems in creating insulin or facing difficulty to continue the process correctly then the problems start to happen, because the blood sugar level of your dog may start to decrease. If you don’t take proper care before it’s too late then it can turn out to be hyperglycemia & it often leads to many other health & wellness problems.
Sometimes dog owners become very anxious when they find out that their dog is suffering from diabetes but keep in mind that, no matter what, if you take proper care then everything will be alright, many dogs are living a healthy & happy life even if they are suffering from diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus: When the beta cells of the endocrine pancreas stop producing insulin and unable to produce it properly then diabetes affects the dog. Also, keep in mind that there are two types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is also known as “juvenile diabetes”. This types of diabetes mainly happen when the beta cells of the pancreas are completely damaged. This problem often leads to a point when the exogenous insulin injections are completely replaced & the pancreas loses the ability to produce insulin. Most dogs are seen to suffer from type 1 diabetes.
However, keep in mind that Type 2 diabetes do not affect dogs. Since this type of diarrhea does not affect dogs so the damaged pancreatic beta cells and not enable the engender a remission.
There is another type of diabetes which diabetes insipidus that happens when the antidiuretic hormone becomes insufficient for the body. However, this is a very rare type of diabetes.
In other words
Diabetes is a condition which occurs when the connection between glucose and insulin doesn’t work properly.
Insulin deficiency diabetes happens when your dog’s body can not produce enough insulin or when the pancreas is completely damaged. If your dog is suffering from this then you should give him daily shots so that it can help the absence of missing insulin.
Insulin resistance diabetes is a condition when the pancreas can produce insulin but & your dog’s body can’t take advantage of that insulin as needed. This problem happens when cells can’t respond to insulin. If you have an older or obese dog then you should be careful because older & obese dogs have a chance to suffer from this type of diabetes.
Keep in mind that when the female dogs become pregnant or having too much body heat then they can also develop temporary insulin resistance.
Diabetes causes what problems?
Diabetes can cause negative effects on a dog & it doesn’t matter what type of diabetes is it.
Cells are insufficient for important body functions: Diabetes can cause a dog to suffer from many problems. Muscle & body cells need glucose to have the energy for the body but when diabetes happens the dog’s body turns out to be fat.
The high sugar level in the bloodstream: When there is an excessive level of high sugar then some body organ may fail to work properly because too much sugar level in the bloodstream can stop the normal function of the organ. Also keep in mind that, high level of glucose can develop in the blood since the insulin is not efficient to convert the glucose in the bloodstream. However, the multi-organ damage is often caused since the abnormal blood chemistry is mainly responsible for causing this. If this happens then your dog may suffer from eyes, heart, blood vessels or nerve damages.
Types of diabetes
If your dog is old or obese then he might suffer from type 2 diabetes since too much carbohydrates can cause this. There are lots of insulin production in the type 2 diabetes, & the dog’s body can’t respond properly since too much sugar. Keep in mind that, this type of od diabetes can affect humans (90% of diabetic people have Type 2) but not in dogs.
This happens when the glucose is unable to go through the body’s cells that are important to develop energy. It’s very dangerous for dogs. If your dog gets affected by this then you may need to take care of your dog for a long period of time with the help of insulin shots. So Keep in mind that preventing this is better than cure.
If you want your dog from not getting affected by diabetes then it’s better to be aware of some risk factors that may develop the risk of t-=diabtes. Your dog’s age, gender, breed, diet, weight can play a big role in causing diabetes.
Breed: This might sound unreasonable but the truth is dog breed plays a huge role in getting affected by this diabetes. Research from the Veterinary Journal in 2003 shows that mixed breeds dogs have a great chance of getting affected than the other ones. Also, purebreds are prone to diabetes.
Age: Older dogs tend to have a great chance to get affected by diabetes.
Gender: Female dogs & neutered male dogs have a great chance of getting affected by diabetes.
Weight: Obesity can cause cells to resist insulin which may cause diabetes in some cases.
Diet: If your dog is having a diet that is high in fat then it may contribute to the inflamed pancreas which is a risk factor for diabetes.
If your dog somehow is suffering from diabetes then you may notice some earlier signs:
Excessive Signs: The first sign you will notice is that the dog is drinking too much water which often causes the dog to empty the water bowl.
Too much urination: Another clear indication is that you will notice that your dog is having too much urination. Your dog may have a lot of accidents in the house even if he’s potty trained. These problems happen because the dog’s body is creating too much sugar so through the urine the body is releasing the extra sugar.
Increased Appetite: Since diabetes cause cells not to get glucose so you will see that your dog is eating too much than before.
Weight loss: If the dog is having diabetes then he may not be able to get enough nutrients from the food which causes a weight loss in dogs even if he is having a normal diet.
Advanced signs: If diabetes becomes more serious then over the time you may notice some other symptoms:
- Lack of energy
- Depressed mood
- Urine infections
- Enlarged liver
- Kidney failure
- Change in appetite
- Excessive thirst
- Weight loss
- Increased urination
- Chronic skin infections
Importance of insulin
To manage & function the sugar & fats, the amino acid insulin is important. Insulin is very significant to maintain the body because it allows the glucose to go out from the bloodstream & opens inside the cells. In order to generate energy in the body the glucose also help in that case by working inside of the cells. If there is a shortage of insulin then the glucose becomes weak & thus it no longer can go through the cells.
If the insulin is not sufficient in the body, then the cells will normally lookout for the energy. By this, a dog’s body will become fat & also will use the protein as an alternative source of energy. This is what makes a dog to eat more which results in too much hunger by reducing the weight of the dog. The dog’s body then will try to cut off the too much glucose by turning it into the urine. Also keep in mind that, the blood sugar may take too much water which often causes too much urination in dogs. This is when dogs become too thirsty for water & that’s when they will drink more water. This is how the dog will show some initial symptoms of diabetes:
- Too thirsty
- Too much urination
- Increased appetite
- Weight loss
If you take your dog to the vet then he will take some tests to make sure whether there is any glucose in urine or not. Another additional test of blood is often recommended to see blood glucose. Most vets initially take a complete blood count, chemistry panel & urinalysis to determine diabetes in dogs.
As we mentioned earlier that diabetes can’t be cured & with proper care you can easily treat it. You should take proper care & take him for exercise & give recommend diet regularly.
Exercise is genuinely helpful for dogs who suffer from diabetes. IF you take the dog on walking & keep going a couple of miles then it will help your dog a lot.
Another thing you should always keep in mind that, diet plays a significant role in diabetes in dogs. Before you give any insulin it’s important that your dog had his meals twice. Your vet will recommend the best diet plan for the dog.
If your dog is suffering from diabetes then you need to monitor his activities at home. However, after diagnosing your dog, the vet may recommend you to monitor the dog’s blood sugar level by using the glucose monitor. The display will show the glucose level. Another way the vet may recommend is that, to check out urine from ketones by using some dipsticks at first. When you are done with these things then it’s time for monitoring your dog’s drinking, eating urinating habits, also if you notice any changes in these activities then it’s a good idea to consult with your vet.
In rare cases, many vets recommend injecting twice a day by giving each dose every 12 hours around. Depending on the condition your vet will recommend a routine for your dog. So it’s important to follow the guidelines that were given by the vet. If you are not sure how to give insulin by injection then he will show you everything in details,
However many people seem to be scared when it comes to injecting insulin to their dogs for the first time. But keep in mind that if your dog is having Type 1 diabetes then the insulin must be provided as regular medicine. When you inject insulin to your dog it doesn’t causally pain, however, the dog may seem to avoid to take the insulin at first but you need to have patience. Over time, when the dog becomes used to it then you will not have to be concerned about it any longer.
Dogs may show a little discomfort since the injection have very tiny needles but & it doesn’t cause any damage since it goes under the skin.
If your dog is having type 1 insulin then you have to inject insulin after every meal. Your vet will recommend the ideal amount and everything else. Keep in mind that, it may take a few months to make sure which treatment is the best for your dog, so if you think that injecting insulin is enough then it’s completely a wrong idea because over the time the vet will need to determine whether everything is going right or not.
At first, most vets will recommend weight management and proper exercise that will help to balance the blood sugar. The vet may also recommend you neuter or spay the dog. SO whatever the vet recommends it’s always suggested to monitor your dog whenever you can.
Matthew Frank was born and raised in the Bronx, New York. He was a reputed author of Pet Therapy Dogs and Pet Dog Cat.
Matthew is a regular author of this blog who is studying Veterinary medicine at Purdue University.