Polycythemia vera is known to be Blood Thickening which is a blood disorder & it causes a lot of red blood cells to form in dog’s circulatory system. It is noticed that this problem affects the older dogs. Regarding dog experts, there are four types of blood thickening, which are primary absolute, secondary absolute, transient, and relative.
Since, there are many different types of thickening of the blood, the symptoms can vary.
When Primary and Secondary absolute polycythemia vera affects them, they usually vomit, loss appetite and weight and become weak.
If the Transient polycythemia vera affects them, they become Sluggish, Sneeze and Drink less water. Many vets also noticed some changes in behavior and the lack of energy in those dogs.
If Relative polycythemia vera affects them, they suffer from Diarrhea, Sleepiness, and bleeding in the urine.
Dog owners should give a thorough history of the dog’s health with the onset and nature of the symptoms, to the veterinarian. The veterinarian will conduct X-rays and abdominal ultrasounds to assess the function of the kidneys and the cardiopulmonary systems.
The vet may also take some test of Bone marrow examination from fine needle aspiration, Neurologic examinations, Blood work, Abdominal ultrasonography, and Urinalysis.
Depending on the type of polycythemia vera, the treatment will vary. For the first time, the veterinarian can draw a little amount of blood & replace it with intravenous fluids to decrease the blood’s viscosity.
If the condition is caught and cured before any serious organ damage, then the prognosis will be good, in most circumstances.
This treatment can be expensive and can range from 1000 USD to 10000 USD depending on the Dog’s blood thickening.
Matthew Frank was born and raised in the Bronx, New York. He was a reputed author of Pet Therapy Dogs and Pet Dog Cat.
Matthew is a regular author of this blog who is studying Veterinary medicine at Purdue University.