A lot of dogs are seen to suffer from actinomycosis & sometimes the dog owners are completely unaware of what this is. Actinomycosis is a bacterial infection which can affect & continue to develop in any pet dog. Here we will discuss about what is actinomycosis & how you can prevent this.
What is Actinomycosis?
Actinomycosis is normally an infection which expands by the wound & allows the bacteria to force the surface area of the body. These infections normally take place under the skin in the deep layer of skin. Now also another thing you need to keep in mind that, there are some particles which can cause gastrointestinal lesions and pneumonia. Now the main thing is that this infection doesn’t develop quickly rather it takes some time to develop abscesses.
Actinomycosis mostly is seen in the oral cavities in dogs, but if your dog has any wound or injured area then it can go through deeply & form an abscess. Actinomycosis is normally a bacteria which lives mostly in the mouth of your dog. There are some specific species that can also create this bacteria. If your dog spends most of the time outside the home then this can affect pretty easily. Also if you have a hunting dog then you should be careful about it because they are the ones who have a great chance to get affected by this.
Anaerobic bacteria goes through very deeply that’s why it’s very difficult to treat actinomycosis. Sometimes, periodontal disease & immunosuppressive disorders can also cause actinomycosis. Depending on the condition your vet may recommend you to go with surgery in order to remove the infected tissue.
What are the signs of Actinomycosis?
The symptoms usually depend on where the infection had located. However, if you can see infections with your naked eyes, then you may find out those areas are swelling also it may look like soft swelling. Another you need to know that, actinomycosis can affect in the head, mouth or in the face of your dog, you are most likely to notice some symptoms of abnormal breathing, coughing & also sneezing. You will also see that the dog avoid food because of having a problem in the mouth.
The most common signs of actinomycosis are:
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
Sometimes your dog can also suffer from fever since actinomycosis is a bacterial infection. If you find out any symptoms then you should take your dog to the vet before it’s too late.
When you take the dog to the vet, he will surely ask you to give a complete history of the dog’s health-related issues. Your vet test specimen of pus or osteolytic bone fragments. But before that, he might take a full physical test.
Normally it takes four to six weeks, to treat actinomycosis through systemic antibiotic. The vet may also take some tests like electrolyte panel, X-rays or full blood count before recommending you antibiotic. If the condition is very serious then the vet will ask to completely remove infected tissue under the surgical procedure.
Matthew Frank was born and raised in the Bronx, New York. He was a reputed author of Pet Therapy Dogs and Pet Dog Cat.
Matthew is a regular author of this blog who is studying Veterinary medicine at Purdue University.